Baga Gazriin Chuluu – Granite rock formations in the middle of the gobi.
These mountains with granite stone massifs and screec are located in Mongolian granite rock zone, Dund Gobi Province.
Baga gazriin stone, is a 15km long and 10 km wide stone massif, is located 30 km to the south east of Adaatsag sum. This stone massif is also part of the Mongolian granite stone zone. The highest point is Tahilgat Mountain /1758 m/ in the Northwest part of the stone massif. Wild sheep, ibex and marmot inhabit here, Surtiin am is one of many beautiful places in Baga gazriin stone massif. This is a narrow canyon with asp, birch, white whicker and elm tree, as well the ruin of a stone temple and the site of 2 yurts where monks lived and meditated since the seventieth century.
Tsagaan Suvraga (White Stupa) or White Mountain is a beautiful part of the desert which is a set of eroded limestone cliffs, from where you had a fantastic view over the desert floor down below, which bore colors from white and yellow to pink and deep red.
Yolyn Am – a mountain valley that contains a large ice field through most of the year. Ice Valley is a deep and narrow gorge in the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains of southern Mongolia. The valley is named after the Lammergeier, which is called Yol in Mongolian. The Lammergeier is an Old World vulture, hence the name is often translated to Valley of the Vultures or Valley of the Eagles. The valley is located within Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park. The area, as part of the Gobi Desert, sees little precipitation. However, Yolyn Am is notable for a deep ice field. The ice field reaches several meters thick by the end of winter, and is several kilometers long. In past years it remained year round, but the modern ice field tends to disappear by September.
Khongoryn Els – Khongoryn Els dunes lie 200 kilometres west of Dalanzadgad. Extending for some 185 kilometres they reach a height of some 200m. The sound produced by the slow drifting of sand in the wind masses gives rise to the name the “singing sands”. Close to the Hongor River at the northern edge of the dunes, is an oasis, a beautiful spot.
Ongi temple ruin – The ruins of Ongi Temple are found in Saikhan Ovoo soum of Dundgobi (Middle Gobi) province. It used to be a big Buddhist monastery compound built by
Bari Yonzon Khamba Lamaist bishop at the Ongi river, a river that takes source from the Khangai Mountain range in Ovorkhangai Aimag (Province) and flows into the Ulaan Nuur Lake of Gobi. The monastery was built on a steep rocky slope of a mountain in a Nepalese architectural fashion and used to house over a thousand of Buddhist monks. Unfortunately, the Ongi Temple had the same fate of destruction during the communist purges of 1930s as other 700 Buddhist monasteries in Mongolia. There is a tourist ger camp at the Ongi Temple, which has a suitable location for traveling between Gobi desert and Kharakorum. For instance, the distance from Bayanzag to Ongi Khiid is 160 km; and from Ongi Khiid to Kharakhorum is 250 km.
Mongol Els – Sand mountain (“Mini Gobi ”) Beautiful sandy area and a unique combination of Mongolian mountains, forests and Gobi – type landscape in one location, which has the belt of sand dunes covering 2800 km2.
Kharkhorin, Erdene Zuu Monastery – The ancient capital is a city and sum (district) center in the Uvurkhangai Province.
Kharkhorin is located at the lower end of the upper valley of the Orkhon River, part of the World Heritage Site Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape. The location marks the eastern foothills of the Khangai Mountains, where they meet the rolling steppe of central Mongolia.
Nearby are the ruins of the ancient town of Karakorum, which for a short time served as the capital of the Mongol Empire under Ogedei Khan. Another landmark is the Erdene Zuu monastery.
Tovkhon temple – Temple located on foresty mountain top. The excellent location of Tovkhon temple is short distance of 70 kms from KharKhorin. If you visit to Khar Khorin, it is recommended to explore the Tovkhon temple in impressive beautiful mountainous area. Zanabazar, who was the first leader of Buddhism, located the place. It was built in 1653, believers who gathered in Erdenezuu monastery decided to built a special Monastery for Zanabazar. Following this decision the Monastery Tuvkhun was built at Shireet Ulaan, the most beautiful scenery in Khangai Mountains and he called it Land of Happy Solitude.
The monastery located in the dense forested and picturesque mountain Shijvee at an elevation of 200 m above sea level. There are several temples, a small cave, where he could do meditation, another cave called Mother belly. If someone entered and get out from this cave, there is hope of having their faults washed away in the next rebirth. The first temple of Tuvkhun monastery was built in 1654. Researchers have determined that this first temple was the meditaion studio og Undur Gegeen Zanabazar. The monastery was restored in 1760 and 1786. One undamaged temple and foundations of buildings, wooden floors, ruins of some temples were protected by the Ovorkhangai province in 1971 and by the State in 1994. A restoration design for the undamaged temple was made in 1992. Hiking to rocky hills and looking at the stunning beauty of wild nature in surrounding areas are the excellent fun, which makes you refreshed and enthusiastic.
Orkhon river and water fall –It rises in the Khangai Mountains of Arkhangai Province and flows northwards for 1,124 km (698 miles) before joining the Selenge river which flows north into Russia and Lake Baikal. The Orkhon is the longest river in Mongolia. Kharakorum, the ancient capital of the Mongol Empire. Several Hunnic Imperial tombs in the area of the river valley were excavated. Fish in the Orkhon river include pike, carp, perch, taimen and catfish.
Water fall – Very close to the Orkhon the Ulaan Tsutgalan river features a waterfall, ten meters wide and twenty meters high. The waterfall is a popular destination for tourists.
Tsenkher hot spring – On the way to White lake. You can have bath there.
Chuluut river together with it’s tributaries originates in Hangay Nuruu (Khangai Lake) on the south border of Arhangay aimag. About 50km south of Moron, on the border with the Arkhangai aimag, is area where the Ider, Bugsei, Chuluut, Delger Moron rivers converge and emptying into the Selenge river. The Chuluut river rises in Egiin Davaa of the Khangai Mountain Range and flows for 415 kilometers north to join the Ider river, thus forming the Selenge river.The Chuluut river flows through a sheer basalt canyon which extends 100 kilometers from the mouth of the Teel river to the Atsat. The basalt is formed of lava of nearby extinct volcanoes such as Khorgo Volcano and others. It is rich in fish. There are springs at Ulaan Ereg and at Chuluut in the basin of Chuluut.
Taikhar rock – A large rock stands out in the middle of a plain in Mongolia. The Taikhar chuluu is covered with inscriptions dating back as far as Turkic rule in Mongolia. Those inscriptions were followed by more in the Mongol language, then Tibetan, and even more modern graffiti.
Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur (White Lake)-Located in the Khangai Mountains in central Mongolia.
Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake (28 square m) appeared as result of volcanic eruptions many thousands of years ago. An immense mass of white-hot lava once blocked the bed of the River Terkh and it is water formed Lake Terkhiin Tsagaan, which is 16 kilometers in length, 20 meters in depth, and 61 square kilometers in this area. It is situated at an altitude of 2.060 meters. River Suman, cascading from the lake in stormy torrents, pierced through the rocks to form a canyon and several small lakes. The waters of the river are so turbulent that they do not freeze in the severest winter frosts. In the middle of the lake there is volcanic Island is covered with nests made of the fragrant grass Sam khan. Here all day long you hear the hum and cries of birds and the quacking of ruddy shell duck and many types of ducks sand geese &. Red deer, Siberian deer, wild bear, Great Cormorant is common in summer, nesting around the lake. This is also great for fishing!
Khorgo Volcano – The Khorgo volcano is located near the eastern end of the lake.
Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur National park was established to protect the spectacular mountain scenery and endangered species of fauna and flora. The area has extinct volcanoes, many beautiful lakes, a great number of animals and birds, and is definitely one of the best natural tourist attractions.
Khorgo is a unique natural complex (2240 m), National Park surrounded by the Khangai Mountains, which reach as 3000 meters above the sea level. In the craters some of them are very tiny crystal- clears lakes.
The Khorgo crater, situated at an altitude of 2.210 meters with a diameter of 20 meters and depth of 70 to 80 meters, is the most interesting at all. There is no lake in this crater, but clouds of steam jet out it is crevices forming ice moulds in winter , which from a distance look like large flocks of sheep scattered on the mountain. Near the crater there are dozens of small caverns with stalactites hanging from their ceiling and walls.
About 8000 years ago volcanic lava flooded the valleys nearby which are covered today with small woods and a great variety of berries and flowers. In the woods there are lots of deer, wild goat and other animals, as well as various kinds of birds.
Ugii Lake – Ugii Lake is located some 100 km from Tsetserleg province center.
Ugii Lake is 1.337 meters above the sea level in Ugii soum in Arkhangai province. It covered 25 square kilometers, and is known for its reach bird and fish diversity. The fish population is represented by pike, catfish, barscharten, which are the most common types providing enough fish for industrial fishing. Fifty to eighty tons are caught annually. Among the birds, it is not rare to spot at Swan Goose, White Spoonbill and Dalmatian Pelican.
Khovsgol Lake – Try to imagine a 2760 sq km (1080 sq mi) alpine lake, with water so pure you can drink it. Then add dozens of 2000m (6560ft) mountains, thick pine forests and lush meadows with grazing yaks and horses, and you have a vague impression of Khuvsgul Nuur, Mongolia’s top scenic heartstopper. This is the deepest lake in Central Asia, and the world’s 14th largest source of fresh water. Situated along the border with Russia, the lake is sacred to local Mongolians, who refer to it as ‘mother’. It’s full of fish and the area is home to sheep, ibex, bear and moose, as well as over 200 species of birds. There are numerous caves around the lake, though they’re hard to find without a guide. Three separate peoples live in the area: Darkhad Mongols, Buryats and Tsaatan.
An amazing 90 rivers flow into the lake, but only a single river flows out – the Egiin Gol, which ultimately reaches Lake Baikal in Siberia. Khuvsgul Nuur freezes in winter, allowing huge trucks carrying fuel to cross from Siberia. Visitors can kayak on the lake when it unfreezes, and hike or ride on horseback (or yakback) around it.
The southern boundary of Khuvsgul Nuur is about 775km (480mi) north-west of Ulaanbaator and is reachable by occasional plane, bus or your own jeep. The best time to visit is in spring (around April and May). It’s still very cold at this time and the lake may be frozen. The summer (July and August) is warmer but more crowded. Permits are required to visit the lake. They’re available on the main road into Khuvsgul Nuur National Park, a few km before the southern entrance at the town of Khatgal.
It is impossible to imagine Mongolia without the uniquely magnificent and pristine land of Khuvsgul or lake Khuvsgul. Lake Khuvsgul covers an area of 2760sq.km and exists at 1605 m above sea level. Khuvsgul is the deepest lake in Central Asia, with a maximum depth of 262metres. It’s water is crystal clear and fresh.
Selenge river – Largest river of Mongolia, originated 50 km south of Moron (Khuvsgul aimag), on the border with the Arkhangai aimag, on the area where the Ider, Bugsei, Chuluut rivers, Delger Moron converge. The Selenge is formed by the confluence of the Ider river, which rises on the northern slope of the Khangai Mountain Range, and the Delger river.
The Selenge river drains into Lake Baikal in Siberia. The Selenge river is 992 kilometers long, of which 593 kilometers flows through Mongolian territory.
Amarbayasgalant monastery – Amarbayasgalant, one of the most well known and largest monasteries of Mongolia, is located in the beautiful Iven Gol River valley on the foot of Burenkhan mountain in Baruunburen som of Selenge province. Visitors especially enjoy the magnificent art and architectural construction.
Since then the monastery of the Undur Geghen was a great source of Dharma teaching and accomplishment with over six thousand novices and ordained monks who followed the rules of Lord Buddha`s Vinaya, combining the Three Basket in full harmony with the Three Higher Trainings.
The beauty, decorations and construction of the monastery have made it one of the most magnificent architectural monuments not only in Mongolia, but in the whole Asia.